Project name: Support herders’ livelihood by introducing diagnostic methods for some endemic diseases of cattle and equine to local veterinarians
Entity information: The Institute of Veterinary Medicine was established in 1961, and a leading veterinary research organization of Mongolia in terms of technic, technology, and human capacity and only institution specialized in research and development of livestock health.
Project objective: Introduce diagnostic methods for some cattle and equine endemic diseases (babesiosis, theileriosis, and equine coital exanthema) and analytic methods of the blood test in the primary veterinary laboratories; and train soum veterinarians and herders on comprehensive measures to prevent and treat these diseases, to reduce mortality rate of cattle and equine in 60 target soums of the project.
Planned activities: Improve the technical capacity of local veterinary laboratories by supplying diagnostic kits of some of the endemic diseases of cattle and equine to enable local diagnosis of epidemics. Strengthen human resource capacity by providing theoretical knowledge and organizing laboratory practice training for veterinarians on these diseases. The aimag veterinary laboratories will be capable of conducting general blood tests with the provided hematology analyzers. Veterinarians from the aimag veterinary laboratories, in collaboration with the IVM researchers, will conduct surveillance and research amongst livestock in the 318 baghs in the target soums of the project to identify the high-risk areas and provide training on prevention and treatment of risky diseases.
Proposed solutions: Some endemic diseases of cattle and equine are the fundamental reasons for the untimely loss of livestock in winter and spring that adversely affect sustainable growth and marketability, causing significant economic losses. Therefore, the cattle and equine endemic mortality will be reduced by introducing the endemic diseases diagnostic methods of livestock, identifying high-risk areas, and disseminating treatment and prevention practices to herders of the project aimags. Moreover, introducing methods based on automated general blood test analyzer at the aimag level will protect the animal health and enable opportunities of identifying appropriate treatment to protect the health of productive livestock.
Beneficiaries: Direct beneficiaries are Veterinary departments of 7 aimags and their laboratory technicians and experts. The indirect beneficiaries are 40010 herder families, living in 318 baghs of 60 soums covered with the project, that supply meat and dairy products and especially the dairy farmers that supply aimag demands.
Project Location: Veterinary Departments and laboratories of 7 aimags, including the Bulgan, Uvurkhangai, Uvs, Khuvsgul, Khentii, Tuv, and Dundgobi aimags.